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Perhaps one of the strangest ideas about the nature of our planet is known as Hollow Earth.  The idea isn’t a new one but is certainly unique – that there is another civilisation existing within the earth with only a few select entrances from below to above scattered around the globe.  But what started this concept and is there any way it can be true?

The Agartha Idea

One of the most commonly used names for the civilisation beneath our feet is Agharta or Agartha.  This civilisation is said to have a capital city called Shamballa and was first discussed in a book called The Smoky God, written as a biography of sorts of a Norwegian sailor called Olaf Jansen by Willis George Emerson in 1908.  He detailed the trip that Jansen took where he met the inhabitants of a network of underground colonies who were ’12 feet tall and whose world was lit by a smoky central sun’.  Emerson didn’t actually use the name Agartha but later sources connected his story with it.

Another early work on the subject was written by a French occultist called Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Aleydre.  He adapted the works of Fabre d’Olivet and developed a term called Synarchy ‘the association of everyone with everyone else’ into a political philosophy.  However, our interest lies in visit he had in 1885 with a prince named Hardjij Scharipf, an ‘ascended master’ who told him about his home, a subterranean cave system called Agartha.  Incidentally, he told him this telepathically.  He wrote about the encounter then promptly destroyed the work for revealing too much.  Two copies survived and were later released in 1910.  He believed that a synarchist world government had moved into Agartha inside the Hollow Earth in 3,200BC.

Explorer Ferdynand Ossendowski wrote a book in 1922 named Beasts, Men and Gods in which he also told a story of the subterranean kingdom that was inside the earth and was known to the Buddhists as Agharti.

Entrances to Agartha

There is even a list of places that can supposedly grant entrance to the subterranean world of Agartha and some of them are through extremely well known monuments.  These are:

  • Kentucky Mommoth Cave in the south-central part of the US state
  • Mount Shasta, California – some sources say that the Agartha city called Telos actually exists under and inside this mountain
  • Locations in Manaus and Mato Grosso, Brazil as well as the Iguacu Falls on the border with Argentina
    Iguacu Falls

    Iguacu Falls – Mitchipr at English Wikipedia [GFDL ( or CC BY 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

  • Mount Epomeo, Italy
  • Location in the Himalayan Mountains of Tibet, said to be guarded by Hindu monks – this leads to the underground city of Shonshe while another leads to the city of Bhogavati
  • Mongolia, on the border with China – this is said to lead to the underground city of Shingwa
  • Rama, India – said to lead to an underground city of the same name
  • Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
  • Mythical locations including King Solomon’s Mines and the Dero Caves
  • Both the North and South Poles

Carving depicting Nagas

Carving depicting Nagas – By Mohonu at English Wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Further detail is even known about some of these entrances.  For example, in his book The Deep Dwellers (2000) William Michael Mott said that the entrance to the city of Bhogavati, found beneath the Himalayas, could be reached through the Well of Sheshna.  He was told his by herpetologist Sherman a Minton who had seen the entrance and described it as having forty steps descending in a circular manner with a closed stone door at the bottom covered in bas-relief cobras.

The city is also said to be the home of the race of serpent people from Indian mythology called the Nagas.  The book refers to them as a very advanced race with higher developed technology but also a distain for humans.  They will abduct, torture, interbreed and even eat any they come across – not going on the holiday destination list then!  Because the Nagas have a water affinity, the entrances they use are often associated with wells, deep lakes and rivers.

Other races

Nor are the Nagas the only race associated with Agartha.  One race known only as the Old Ones are an ancient race that started out living on the surface but moved underground, according to Brad Steiger and his article called The Hollow Earth: Myth or Reality.  They are intelligent and scientifically advanced so they had create their own environment beneath the planet.  They are hominid but pre-date our Homo sapiens race by over one million years.  Occasionally, they kidnap a human child and raise it as their own, tutoring it in their ways but otherwise don’t bother much with humans.

Another vaguely named race associated with this underground world are called the Elder Race.  They were spoke of in the magazine Amazing Stories in 1945 by a man called Richard Shaver.  He claimed to have met some beings in their underground civilisation and called them the Elder Race or Titans.  He added that they had arrived here on Earth from another solar system in prehistoric times and discovered the sun caused them to age prematurely so were forced to move underground.  They later left Earth for more hospitable planet but left behind two races of mutated beings that were also robots.  He said they were called the Dero and the Tero, the former being evil and the latter being good and that the Tero were the ones he met under the earth.  Despite plenty of publicity, he never actually disclosed the location of the entrance to Agartha that he used.


I think of myself as quite open-minded but Hollow Earth definitely goes onto my list as one of the less likely mysteries in the world.  But the fact remains that many people believed in it and still do so maybe they are right and I just need a little more imagination or perhaps a real Agartha resident to do a TV interview!